Published April 11, 2023

Captain America: How to Play the Outer Circle's Century Game

As 'Captain America: Cold War' heats up, learn the rules of the Century Game, which has used Steve Rogers, Bucky Barnes, and many others as its unwitting pawns.

In CAPTAIN AMERICA: COLD WAR, Steve Rogers and Sam Wilson will face off against the Outer Circle, a cabal of powerful people that has been manipulating world events since World War I. Here’s everything you need to know about the history of the Outer Circle and the rules of their Century Game.

The Outer Circle’s History, Revealed

Created by Jackson LanzingCollin Kelly, and Carmen Carnero, the Outer Circle debuted in CAPTAIN AMERICA: SENTINEL OF LIBERTY (2022) #2 and has served as that book’s primary antagonist ever since. Initially, the group’s origins were shrouded in mystery, but CAPTAIN AMERICA AND THE WINTER SOLDIER SPECIAL (2022) #1 changed all that by revealing some key parts of their history.

In 1922, following the devastation of World War I, five people formed the Outer Circle with the express aim of manipulating world events to usher in an age of peace. They saw themselves as a force outside of civilian, military, and government control—hence the name Outer Circle. That series of circles eventually became the group’s symbol, which was later imprinted on Captain America’s shield, as they intended to make him one of their agents.

Each of the group’s five members represents a different principle. Wulf Fortunov, AKA the Power, attempts to bring order to a chaotic world through force; Etien Argent, AKA the Money, puts his emphasis on industry and business; Ika Agboje, AKA the Machine, specializes in matters related to technology; and Ana, AKA the Love, focuses on aesthetics and beauty as a means of control. 

Finally, there’s Gavrilo Princip, AKA the Revolution, whose murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand essentially started World War I. However, Princip’s role in the Outer Circle is different than his counterparts’. He acts as an antagonistic force looking to take the group down, as he believes their cabalistic machinations to be nothing more than a form of oligarchy.

Playing the Century Game

At the group’s formation, the Power explained that the Outer Circle was not involved in a conspiracy, but a game. This competition between the group’s five members thus became known as the Century Game, with the goal of ushering in a utopian future. However, like any game, there are rules.

The Century Game is turn-based, meaning players must act one at a time. In terms of player order, the Power goes first, followed by the Money, the Machine, the Love, and finally, the Revolution. When a player has decided on a move, they must announce what they’re doing to all the other members of the Outer Circle. One way of doing that, as revealed in CAPTAIN AMERICA: SENTINEL OF LIBERTY, was through a cipher broadcast on a numbers station. These actions may be accomplished with the use of starpoints, who are a select group of agents groomed to work on behalf of the Outer Circle.

The participants of the Century Game generally act in ways that reflect their noms de guerre, with the Money and the Machine, for example, manipulating financial markets and technology, respectively. However, it’s still possible for moves to conflict. In the case that happens, the Outer Circle leaves the decision about what will happen up to the rest of the world. Strictly speaking, the Outer Circle manipulates and engineers events to their liking, but those whom they’re attempting to control do still have a choice in how they react.

One important rule of the Century Game is that members may not attack each other directly. Princip, for example, attempted to assassinate the other members of the group on several occasions, though he failed. Due to their advanced technology and nigh limitless lifespans, such attempts are incredibly difficult to pull off. However, that doesn’t mean death is impossible. For instance, Princip engineered events so that Bucky Barnes, AKA Winter Soldier, would kill him and assume the mantle of the New Revolution, taking his place at the Outer Circle’s table. 

There are also other ways to eliminate members. In CAPTAIN AMERICA: SENTINEL OF LIBERTY (2022) #11, Bucky engineered events so Rogers and his Invaders were able to apprehend the Power when he went to New York City to steal one of Arnim Zola’s neganite reactors.

The Outer Circle’s Century Game enters its next phase in CAPTAIN AMERICA: COLD WAR ALPHA (2023) #1, on sale April 12! The event will then continue in CAPTAIN AMERICA: SYMBOL OF TRUTH (2022) #12 and SENTINEL OF LIBERTY #12 on April 26 and May 12, respectively.

Want to find out more? Explore over 30,000+ comics on Marvel Unlimited today!

You can grab these comics and more digitally or at your favorite local comic book shop. Be sure to ask your local shop about their current business policies to observe social distancing or other services they may offer, including holding or creating pull lists, curbside pick-ups, special deliveries, and other options to accommodate. Find and support your local comic book shop at or by visiting

For digital comics, all purchases in the Marvel Comics app can be read on iPhone®, iPad® and select Android™ devices! Our smart-paneling feature provides an intuitive reader experience, ideal for all types of mobile device and tablet users! Download the app on iOS and Android now!


DOCTOR VOODOO AVENGER OF THE SUPERNATURAL (2009) #4 cover by Marko Djurdjevic


The Avengers' Greatest Battles with Nightmare

As the Avengers face Nightmare in 'Avengers' #10, revisit a few other battles between Earth's Mightiest Heroes and this Fear Lord.

ULTIMATE BLACK PANTHER (2024) #1 cover by Stefano Caselli


February 7's New Marvel Comics: The Full List

Pay a visit to the new Ultimate Universe's Wakanda, join Elektra's 'Gang War' battle, return to Wolverine's original Madripoor adventures, and more in this week's comics!

AMAZING SPIDER-MAN #48 Vampire Variant Cover by Annie Wu


In Anticipation of 'Blood Hunt,' Sink Your Teeth into New Vampire Variant Covers

Arriving in April, new Vampire Variant Covers homage classic Marvel vampire stories.

AVENGERS: TWILIGHT #1 Cover A by Alex Ross


January 17's New Marvel Comics: The Full List

Join Captain America's fight for the future, behold Mary Jane Watson's debut as a super hero, and more in this week's comics!